Open up the puttygen program. In this case: Export the public key in either the standard SSH2 public key format, or in the OpenSSH format. Firefox and Thunderbird . I have installed the OpenSSH in Windows settings screen. ssh-keygen -y -f my-new-key.pem | ssh user@host \ -i already-on-remote-server-key.pem 'cat > ~/.ssh/authorized_keys' A lot of open source software, as well as AWS, generate .pem files for you to use. If the PEM file needs importing into a Mozilla email client like Thunderbird, you might have to first export the PEM file out of Firefox. The remote server must have running SSH server. Say you have a private key in PEM format, and you want to use that key for SSH into another server, by adding an entry to your ~/.ssh/authorized_keys file with the public key of such PEM file. If the SFTP Protocol is specified, it is possible to specify the Logon Type as “Key File” and specify the location of the private key file (in .ppk or .pem format – see below for conversion options from other formats.) Converting a .pem file to a .ppk using PuTTYgen may now seem simple. So, you should convert your .pem file to .ppk file. The user is prompted for the key file’s password if necessary. … Save this PEM file somewhere on your machine. If we are executing this command from some other directory then we will need to provide the correct path of the MyKeyPair.pem file. Enter all this into the ssh config file. For this conversion, putty provides a tool called PuTTYgen. The ssh client allows you to selects a file from which the identity (private key) for RSA or DSA authentication is read. The key files are stored in the ~/.ssh directory unless specified otherwise with the --ssh … So there are two ways you can use the PuTTY key to login to the server and/or transfer files: Convert the PuTTY private key ( .ppk ) to a PEM-formatted file (the 'normal' private key format used by OpenSSH) and ssh / sftp in the usual way; or For this conversion, putty provides a tool called PuTTYgen. You must do this every time you restart your computer. ssh-keygen -m PEM -t rsa -b 4096 Create a VM using your key. Content of ~/.ssh/id_rsa can be replaced with .pem file, it works fine, no conversion is needed. Then, import it into your SSH store with this command: ssh-add /path/to/pemfile.pem. WinSCP will need to convert the key to its .ppk format (you can then use the converted .ppk key for example with PuTTY SSH client). We used key-gen with our email to create a private/public key and then copied .PUB file to the server; Just keep on ssh-ing to the server without having to enter any password; Now, I came across another model where another team uses this .pem file and they have to use this .pem file to ssh to the server every time. On my Mac, that location is ~/.ssh/tot.pem. Impotent :- You need to backup old key files if you have old keys server. This is what format the private key is downloaded in. Choose OK.. To save the key in the format that PuTTY can use, choose Save private key. PEM FILE: Go to the section of the Amazon Lightsail site with access to ssh and instance management. 1st create the keys and RSA will create public and private keys. PowerShell connect with SSH using .pem file. .PEM is a OpenSSL public Key format.. You2d need to convert is to ssh before using it. I am trying to connect to a remote server using SSH on PowerShell. Select your instance and make sure your key (pem file) matches your key pair name 6. ipaddress, username, password, port(8800), password protected ppk file. Enter a passphrase for the file, or leave the passphrase blank if you do not want to use a passphrase. Using ssh-keygen to export the key in the .pem format worked for me. Two or more private keys Standalone PuTTY installations usually come bundled with PuTTYgen utility that can do the job for you, so if you already have one – feel free to find it somewhere under Start Menu. 6 6. comments. Download your PEM file from Amazon EC2. Changes are made in file ~/.ssh/authorized_keys such as copy the pub in file ~/.ssh/authorized_keys on the machine to which you want to connect, appending it to its end if the file already exists. Download file using SSH. You may have this file with .pem suffix. Back to PSCP, users are required to use the private key they generated while converting the .pem file to the .ppk file. Download AWS PEM file. Hi, I don't think PEM file is compatible with SSH. Step 1 – Prepare PPK file. I want to create a .pem file to connect to the server. Identity files may also be specified on a per-host basis in the configuration file. Submit Advanced site settings dialog with OK button. You can use PEM files manually by adding the -i flag to ssh: ssh -i keyfile.pem user@host. Create a file ~/.ssh/authorized_keys if already exist ignore this step $ vim ~/.ssh/authorized_keys . On Ubuntu, I used to use the command, ssh -i "key.pem" email@example.com How can I do the same on PowerShell? Pem file is a private file which do generate via ssh-keygen on linux server. First of all, you’ll need to convert your private key from PEM format provided by AWS to PPK format supported by PuTTY. $ chmod 700 ~/.ssh. I have been given a 'key.pem' file. In AWS, when you first create a key pair file, that you want to use for your EC2 instances, AWS will allow you to download the PEM file to your local machine. 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