In December 2011, eight research applications from the University of Applied Sciences for grants from the European Regional Development Fund (with a total value of roughly 1 million euros) were approved. Pop. Osnabrück is a multifaceted city situated in a valley between the Wiehen Hills and the northern tip of the Teutoburg Forest.  Relations between the occupiers and the citizens of Osnabrück were generally peaceful, though tensions existed; some minor fights broke out between British soldiers and local youths and some Osnabrückers resented the relationships that developed between the occupiers and local women. Biology at Osnabrück is renowned both at home and abroad for its Collaborative Research Centre “Physiology and dynamics of cellular micro-compartments (CRC 944)”. source: Old town with its small streets and medieval buildings, Vitischanze – formerly a defence station in the north-west of the old city, it has the only undestroyed bridge in Europe with a defence walk below its surface. In Germany these programs only exist at Osnabrück university. The present-day School of Engineering and Computer Science arose from the “Staatlichen Ingenieurschule Osnabrück” (Osnabrück State Engineering School), which was founded in 1962. The city's football team is VfL Osnabrück, founded in 1899. There are numerous older buildings on the site; however many have been (and are presently being) renovated. Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences (German: Hochschule Osnabrück, formerly Fachhochschule Osnabrück) is a university of applied science in Lower Saxony, whose administrative centre is in Osnabrück. Wilhelm Schitli, also born in the city, was also a Nazi SS concentration camp commandant. All of the types of German grammar schools are represented in the city, including seven Gymnasien. Previously Osnabrück had made contact with the British authorities as early as 1948, hoping to find an English twin town and therefore achieve greater understanding with their former enemies in the Second World War. Further notable Osnabrückers are Heinrich Abeken, theologian and Prussian Privy Legation Councillor in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Berlin; Justus Möser, jurist and historian of the city; and Hans-Gert Pöttering, former President of the European Parliament.  The outbreak of the First World War necessitated food rationing; the Allied blockade and a harsh winter in 1917 led to further shortages.  During the World War II, both Jews and Romany were deported to concentration camps and extermination camps en masse. The new Lingen campus was opened in October 2012, following the extension of halls 1 and 2 of the former repair workshop in Lingen. From Slavic languages osna means as much as the forest land/forest area "osna" /"osina"/"osnic".It may also be noted that Osnabrueck is situated on the northern end of the Teutoberg Forest, which until the 19th century was known as the Osning. This institution moved to Osnabrück on 1952 and was renamed the “Ingenieurschule für Landbau” (Agricultural Engineering School) in 1964, later being incorporated into the Fachhochschule Osnabrück. With a population of 168,145 Osnabrück is one of the four largest cities in Lower Saxony. The Protestant bishop would be selected from the descendants of the Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg, with priority given to the cadets of what became the House of Hanover. Essential Osnabrück. En la teritorie vasta federacia lando Malsupra Saksio, al kiu apartenas Osnabrück, la distancoj inter la Esperanto-grupoj pli grandas, tamen ankaŭ inter ili fortas kunlaboro: ekzemple en septembro 2011 en la urbo okazis vaste reklamita "Esperanto-kulturtago" de la … In 2001, the School of Management, Culture and Technology was established as part of a new organisational superstructure at the Lingen site; it arose from the former schools for Communication and Society, Management and Technology and also the Department for Dual Courses (a cooperative venture with the Emsland Vocational Academy). In 1582, during the rule of Mayor Hammacher (1565–1588), 163 women were executed as alleged witches; most of them were burned alive. The Institute is part of the University’s School of Business Administration and Economics. Master's degree program of continuing education, taught in English, offered in a consortium with Danube University Krems, the Beijing Normal University and the University of Tampere Double degree For specific degree programs Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences has signed double degree agreements with partner universities in Europe and abroad. , The university's transfer over to the foundation set up in its name (“Stiftung Fachhochschule Osnabrück”) in 2003 brought about various organizational changes, such as the establishment of a foundation council (chaired by Helga Schuchardt). The European Legal Studies Institute at Osnabrück University is one of Europe’s most important research facilities in the field of comparative law and the harmonization of law. Thinking beyond the borders of individual fields of expertise is fostered in the interdisciplinary institutes of Migration Research, Cognitive Science, Early Modern Intercultural Studies and Environmental Systems Research. Along with Münster's university of applied sciences and the Saxion Hogeschool in Enschede, Netherlands, an MBA course in International Supply Chain Management is offered. It is situated in a valley penned between the Wiehen Hills and the northern tip of the Teutoburg Forest. Turin, Italy): April-September 2016 … An extensive bus network operated by the Stadtwerke Osnabrück (public utility provider) provides public transport within the city and the surrounding region.  By the end of the war the city had been extensively bombed and required major reconstructive programmes following the war's end. The International Office offers support to students and academics at Osnabrück University who are in the process of planning and preparing periods of study/research abroad. It is situated in a valley penned between the Wiehen Hills and the northern tip of the Teutoburg Forest.  Following the Seven Years' War, the town's population fell below 6,000, however an economic revival linked to the linen and tobacco industries caused it to rise again from the 1780s onwards.. Today's University of Applied Sciences has its origins in previous tertiary education institutions. There also are all kinds of German grammar schools, including seven Gymnasien. Zoo Osnabrück. Osnabrück is easily visited on a day trip from Münster or as a stopover en route to points north. The twinning agreement with Derby was signed on 17 February 1976 in the historic Friedenssaal (Hall of Peace) in Osnabrück's town hall. Osnabrück has become well known for its industry. The European Legal Studies Institute at Osnabrück University is one of Europe’s most important research facilities in the field of comparative law and the harmonization of law. After three centuries, the city finally obtained its university when the government of Lower Saxony established the University of Osnabrück in 1974. Charles the Great founded the Diocese of Osnabrück in 780.  During the campaigns prior to the two federal elections in 1932, both Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels made well-attended speeches in the city.  Due to budget cuts, the troops were withdrawn in 2008 and the property returned to the local government.. Osnabrück features a municipal zoo, a planetarium, and a museum of cultural history. În anul 772 împăratul Carol cel Mare a înființat Dieceza de Osnabrück.Orașul a fost devastat de invazia vikingă din anul 880.. În anul 1648 a fost încheiat la Osnabrück tratatul dintre Sfântul Imperiu Roman și Suedia, în cadrul Păcii Westfalice, care a pus capăt Războiului de Treizeci de Ani. Population size may be affected by changes in administrative divisions. The team of envoys in Osnabrück changes every year and Osnabrück also sends envoys to Derby, Angers and Çanakkale. The town's first railway line was built in 1855, connecting it with Löhne. The envoy's role is varied, but primarily focuses on promoting the exchange of ideas between the two cities, as well as acting as an educational and general information officer to promote awareness of the twinning scheme. One of the best-known Osnabrückers in recent times is Christian Wulff, Prime Minister of Lower Saxony (2003–2010) and German President (2010–2012). Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. The school offers the Bachelor’s programs “Business Administration and Economics” and “Information Systems”. The prince-bishopric would be held alternately by a Catholic bishop and a Lutheran bishop. In addition, the International Office advises and takes care of international students, PhD students and visiting scholars. Its basketball team was founded the same year.  In addition, the winter semester of 2010/11 saw the number of students at the University of Applied Sciences surpass 10,000.. His son, George I of Great Britain, died in the palace, at the time residence of his younger brother, prince-bishop Ernest Augustus, Duke of York and Albany, on a travel on 11 June 1727. Through cooperative initiatives such as the „FamiLe – Familiengesundheit im Lebensverlauf“ research college, students are given the opportunity to undertake doctoral studies following the completion of their courses. Most of the towers which were part of the original fortifications are still visible in the city. The British partner university is located in High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire.  Similarly to many other German cities, Osnabrück experienced considerable inflation and unemployment in the 1920s, with over 2,000 out of work by 1923 and nearly 14,000 receiving some form of government assistance by 1928. Gymnasium Carolinum has a claim to be the oldest school in Germany. Osnabrück became a member of the Hanseatic League in the 12th century, as well as a member of the Westphalian Federation of Cities. Victory Records and recording artists Waterdown are also based in Osnabrück. No other city in Germany participates in this exchange of envoys, and in Britain, only one other city, Wigan, receives and sends an envoy. Control of Osnabrück passed to the Electorate of Hanover in 1803 during the German Mediatisation, and then briefly to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1806.  However, dissenters, supporters of opposition parties and German Jews (who had experienced centuries of discrimination in the city) did not share in this growth and found themselves discriminated against, imprisoned or forced to close their businesses and leave town. In 1971 the “Fachhochschule Osnabrück” was founded as an amalgamation of the various predecessor institutions; the economics department was established at this time. 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